Cyber Security, Machine Learning, AI

Cyber Security for Critical Infrastructure

“Whoever becomes the leader in [artificial intelligence] will become the ruler of the world.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin

Cyber security for industrial control systems on critical infrastructure is in increasing demand as the geopolitical climate grows more volatile. Previously attacks on infrastructure represented a lower level of threat whereby assaults were predominately motivated by political motivations, but today’s hackers are looking for ways to monetize these. Still governments remain the chief instigators and beneficiaries of ongoing cyber warfare on critical infrastructure as enemies continue to develop increasingly sophisticated means and methods. Some countries are perfecting techniques such as combination cyber and electromagnetic attacks that can shut down communications, power, transportation, food and water almost at once for entire cities, regions, or nationwide. China, North Korea, and Iran have made significant advances in these areas utilizing technology originating in Russia. Russia continues to develop new capabilities in this area in addition to lines of defense.

Artificial Intelligence in for Improved Efficiency within Infrastructure Controls, Usage, and Sustainability

With endless applications in the global digital world, the competition to advance artificial intelligence with cyber warfare has become what the nuclear arms race was in WWII and the Cold War. Artificial intelligence is being used to run industrial controls more efficiently involving a wide range of industries from transportation logistics to water and energy delivery systems, farming and irrigation, development and manufacturing, and communications technologies. Some intelligences can detect and combat invasive attacks or make important forecasts for material shortages. Natural resources are diminishing for many superpowers, and conflicts in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia continue to carry this competition to new levels of technology in both trade and warfare related contexts. Information warfare and technology controlling assets and communications continues to be a high priority for many countries and institutions such as the United Nations.

“It can produce very robust artificial intelligences that can be coupled with states. You can see this in the United States and China… these two forces are going to take all the market.  And the rapid competition between them with the backing and support of the states behind them, exacerbation of the commercial competition through the geopolitical competition will lead to an uncontrollable desire for growth of the artificial intelligence capacity, leading to a very severe conflict or stultification.”

Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks

Artificial Intelligence, Cyber Security, and Surveillance States

Constant surveillance techniques used by both the private and public sector continue to clash with privacy expectations around the world. These clashes are expected to produce fundamental changes throughout many societies. New legislation pertaining to invasive technologies whether biometrics, individual or institutionally owned intellectual property, and many areas concerning disruptive technology will likely evolve with human and civil rights, laws governing trade, and conflicts of interest created by the global expansion of both nation states and multinational businesses subject to multiple jurisdictions.

“People everywhere around the world are angry at their institutions. They don’t like banks; they don’t like business; they don’t like the media; they don’t markets. Many of them don’t like their governments, and their angry about it. …So we have an enormous trend of growth in the global cyber awakening, and an enormous trend of decay in the near total collapse of trust in public sector institutions. I think there’s going to be consequences for the role of government in our lives.”

Jane Holl Lute, United States Institute of Peace