Persian Voices: Government of Islam

According to the law of the government of Islam, any order which is issued by the national religious law has to be carried out. Religion and government are twins and there is no difference. In any case where the religious judge has given decisions, the government has to carry them out and there is nothing beyond this. In reality, both litigants are subject to the government of Islam, and their cases is to be decided by religious law… Even if Malthos Aqa is a British subject, according to English law also, the subject of any nation must obey the laws of the country in which he is. Here it is the government of Islam, and the people must obey its law.

—June 1892


Martin, Vanessa. (2013). Iran Between Islamic Nationalism and Secularism: The Constitutional Revolution of 1906 (British Institute of Persian Studies). I.B. Tauris, p.84.