Persian Voices: Iron Ore

The basic matter in the world of industry is iron… The name refers to the bet of all minerals and mines, and is essential to all industrial needs. Iron is linked to the mine of progress, which is the basis of hope. To the learned, it is more dear than silver and gold. The value of iron depends on knowledge.

—Hadid (Iron) Newspaper


Edalat, Mirza Sayyid Husayn Khan, Hadid Newspaper [Tabriz] 1897 Print.

Martin, Vanessa. (2013). Iran Between Islamic Nationalism and Secularism: The Constitutional Revolution of 1906 (British Institute of Persian Studies). New York: I.B. Tauris. Print


Editor’s Note: When Iron ore is removed from earth the lumps of ore are mixed with a carbon rich substances like coke. Using the ancient ‘bloomery’ technique, iron ore was converted to wrought iron by heating the ore while at the same time melting ore’s impurities and squeezing them out with hammers and forging out bars of iron.