Persian Voices: This Is Zeal

These men of wealth (the deputies’ constituencies) where did they get their wealth? It would be good for the deputies [of the parliament] to donate a share of capital for the bank from their own constituencies, like this respectable lady who has put up her earrings, bracelet and head ornament…. This is zeal. Zeal is what this respectable lady has exhibited.

—Sa’d al- Dowleh, asking deputies after reading a letter from a woman from Qazvin


Najmabadi, Afsaneh. (2005). Woman with Mustaches and Men Without Beards: Gender and Sexual Anxieties. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Page 221.


Editor’s Note: This anonymous letter from a woman in Qazvin was read to the deputies of the parliament by Sa’ad al Dawleh on 19 February 1907.

این مردان ثروتمند (مجلس نمایندگان) ثروت خود را کجا دریافت کرده اند؟

سزاوار است که نمایندگان مجلس بتوانند در حوزه های انتخابی خود با اهدائ سرمایه در خرید سهام بانک شرکت جویند،

عملی همانند این خانم های محترم که با اهدا کوشواره ها، دستبند و تاج سر انجام دادند…..
این است عشق به وطن. وطنپرستی حرکت این خانم های محترم است.
شب نامه