Persian Voices: Women of Islam

There is no religious objection to such gatherings, and women of Islam have always and everywhere come together. Also, according to the Constitution, this is not objectionable. When it (the Constitution) says an Iranian, the word is inclusive of men and women both. So long as gatherings are not disruptive of religious and worldly affairs, there is no harm and no prohibition.

—Hasan Taqizadeh


Afsaneh, Najmabadi. Women with Mustaches and Men Without Beards: Gender and Sexual Anxieties of Iranian Modernity. Page 209. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 2005. Print.