Persian Voices: Foreigners' Control

If thou wilt not arise to help this people, and wilt not unite them in purpose, and pluck them forth, by the power of the Holy Law, from the hands of this sinner, verily the realms of Islam will soon be under the control of foreigners, who will rule therein as they please and do what they will.

—Letter from Sayed Jamal al Din Afghani to Mirza Hassan Shirazi


Amirahmadi, Hooshang. The political economy of Iran under the Qajars: society, politics, economics and foreign relations, 1796-1926. I.B. Tauris, 2012. Page 203